Teens, Work and School: Pros and Cons

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Most teenagers understand at a fairly young age the old adage that "money is equal to power." Money equals designer clothing, car and insurance, and in many cases, a certain freedom. And in order to get paid, many teenagers get part-time work.

. Although the advantages and / or disadvantages of adolescents and incomplete workplaces have been studied, studied and discussed since at least 1979, adolescents, workplaces and at the school verdict are still not there. According to the US Department of Labor, 50 percent of American teenagers are engaged in informal jobs, such as a nanny or work in the yard, under the age of 12 years. And by the age of 15, nearly two-thirds of American teenagers had some kind of job. And many researchers, including government groups, such as the National Youth Commission, praised part-time work and said that it facilitates the transition from youth to adulthood.

Parents and educators, as a decade, said that part-time work taught children how to respond and manage money. Temple University researcher Lawrence Steinberg found that only 11 percent of students report that they invest most of their money in college, and only three percent contribute to family living expenses. “The bulk of teenagers’ money goes to clothes, cars, entertainment, and in some cases drugs and alcohol, ”according to a study published in a Harvard education letter in 1998.

Steinberg says: "Students who work longer report a decrease in participation in education, a decrease in school performance, increased psychological stress, higher drug and alcohol use, higher rates of delay and greater autonomy from parental control." The 1997 study by David Stern, director of the National Vocational Education Center at the University of California at Berkeley, proves Steinberg’s point of view. In studies conducted over 20 years, students who worked more than 15 hours a week, had lower grades, did less homework, had higher dropout rates and were less likely to go to college than students who worked less than 15 hours at a week

Gerald Bachman of the University of Michigan “Monitoring the Future of the Project” warns you not to draw conclusions and draw conclusions. “I would say that most of the problems that correlate with the work of long hours are more fundamentally caused,” he says. "It may affect the spiral, but I think the spiral is in full swing at a time when they prefer to work long hours."

Although there are many shortcomings in busy, part-time work, so is the use. The work of a teenager can teach work skills that are not in school, and she can instill in the teenager a new confidence, a sense of responsibility and independence. Making money will allow your teen to buy things and manage money. After school work can also provide supervision for adults, especially if you work longer than on a regular school day. And proper work can provide networking opportunities and set the child on a decent life path.

But before your child gets a job, you need to know something. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry, "minors under the age of 14 cannot work or be allowed to work in any profession other than children working on farms or at home in private homes." Children under the age of 14 can also work on farms, play golf caddies, newspaper media or underage performers in the entertainment industry. But special permits may be required.

Also, according to many state labor laws, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 15 cannot work more than four hours a day during an academic year, and not before 7 am or after 7 pm. (During the summer, the number of work hours per day can be increased to eight). Children under the age of 16 are banned by the law of Pennsylvania, for example, from working in bowling centers (if only as attendants of snack bars, scorers, or supervisors), building hard work, working on a highway, anywhere scaffolding or stairs and cleaning windows.

For 16 and 17 year olds, some state laws say: "Minors do not have to work until 6 am or after midnight on school days and 1 am on Fridays and Saturdays." In addition, no more than eight hours a day and 28 hours a week. (During the summer, the only restrictions for 16 and 17 year olds are that they can work no more than eight hours a day or 44 hours a week.) Young people under the age of 18 are forbidden to work in billiard rooms; performance of electrical work; working elevators; performance of cranes and lifting operations; excavator; existing equipment that performs woodworking, mixing bread, cleaning, lubricating or pressing; roofing; welding; and do demolition.

Your working teenager is a big step towards maturity. Be sure to discuss with him or with her pros and cons. You can also agree to work on a trial basis, for example, “you can work x hours per week during this assessment period, and then we will decide if you can continue to work based on your estimates.” Maintaining good grades, continuing extracurricular activities, and preserving social life will be important for your child’s psychological health and development. In addition, prepare a budget with your child by setting spending limits and observing interest rate policies in savings. Good money management skills acquired in youth will last a lifetime. Part-time work can be a wonderful experience, with the right supervision and parental guidance.

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